Contraception-Birth Control Is Right For You?


Contraception is the use of a method, device, or medication to prevent pregnancy by interfering with ovulation, fertilization, and / or implantation. Another term for contraception is birth control.


The purpose of contraception is to allow individuals to engage in sexual intercourse without it resulting in pregnancy.


There are many methods of contraception. Factors to consider in choosing a method include:

Safety. What are the risks of using this method? Can its use result in any damage to the female or male reproductive tract? Is its use associated with a higher risk of certain cancers? What are the consequences of its long-term use? Does its use affect future fertility?

Access. Is a prescription needed to gain access to this method?

Cost. How expensive is this method?

Is the cost of this method covered by my health insurance?

Effectiveness. If this method is used as directed, what is the likelihood that it will fail to prevent a pregnancy?

Ease of use. Is this method easy or difficult to use correctly?

Timing. Is this method effective the first time it is used or put in place, or is it necessary to use it for a while before it will be effective?

Frequency. How frequently will the individual engage in sexual intercourse?

Temporary versus permanent. Does this method provide temporary birth control, or is it considered a permanent method? If permanent, could it be reversed in the future?

Ethics. Is this method acceptable within the context of the individual's religious or ethical beliefs?

Benefits. Other than its ability to provide contraception, does its use have any benefits to the individual's health?

Postpartum. How soon after pregnancy can this method of birth control be used? Is it safe while breastfeeding? Does fertility return?

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